• Helsinki (c) Jussi Hellsten/Visit Helsinki
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Helsinki and Finland in figures

Helsinki, the capital of Finland, is a modern city with over half a million residents and is situated on the Baltic Sea.

In 2012 Helsinki was the World Design Capital and celebrated its 200th anniversary as the capital of Finland. In 2014 Helsinki was awarded City of Design status as part of the Creative Cities Network established by UNESCO.

Helsinki alongside its neighbouring municipalities of Espoo, Vantaa and  Kauniainen form a metropolitan area of more than a million inhabitants.

Helsinki in figures

  • Helsinki founded in 1550
  • Capital of Finland since 1812
  • Population over 600 000, approx 1.3 million in Greater Helsinki
  • Finnish-speakers 90.4%
  • Swedish-speakers 5.4%
  • Other language groups 4.2%
  • Foreign nationals 3.1%
  • Evangelical Lutherans 72%
  • Orthodox 2%
  • Total area 716 km2
  • Coastline 123 km
  • Islands 315
  • Mobile phones per 100 inhabitants 96
  • Average temperature yearly +5.0°C
  • Warmest month, June +21.7°C
  • Coldest month, January -10.4°C

Finland in figures

  • Independent since 1917
  • Total area 338,000 km2
  • Population: 5.4 million
  • EU member since 1995
  • Introduced euro in 2002